What is the principle of charging a lighter?

Update:09-11-2019
Summary:

The basic working principle of the charging lighter is […]

The basic working principle of the charging lighter is to connect one end of a piece of piezoelectric material (crystal structure) to a thin wire, which forms a gap with the metal material at the air outlet of the lighter, and the impact of the impact block by the mechanical mechanism The air source is turned on synchronously. When the impact block strikes the other end of the piezoelectric material block with a certain impact energy or force, the internal molecules of the piezoelectric material vibrate strongly and transmit the vibration energy to the wire. Since the ratio of the cross-sectional area of the wire to the cross-sectional area of the piezoelectric material block is very large, the vibration of the molecules in the wire has a great tendency to strengthen. When the end molecules of the wire strongly vibrate and hit the air molecules at the gap, the air molecules also generate strong vibration. The trajectory of the vibration of air molecules is the electric Mars (arc light) we see. These electric Mars (arc light) are actually the trajectories of the vibration of the air molecules when the conductor molecules strongly vibrate and transfer energy to the metal material at the gas outlet of the lighter, indicating that the air molecules at the notch are very vibrating. According to the vibration theory, the strong vibration is that the temperature of the material is very high. When this temperature exceeds the ignition point of the liquefied gas in the lighter, the gas that is escaping will be ignited to form a flame, and the flame is a molecular image of the gas substance vibrating violently. This is the basic working principle of the lighter, and the other electronic ignition devices are the same. With the piezoelectric effect of ceramics, the pressure on both sides of a special ceramic piece will produce an electric directional flow, which will generate electric current. If the small component is disassembled, the lowermost ceramic piece and the mechanism for tapping it will be found. This ceramic is a piezoelectric ceramic. Correspondingly, if it is energized, it will vibrate. The most common one is the ceramic buzzer, which is a kind of metal disc with white ceramic on it. If the frequency of the sound emitted is high after power-on, in the ultrasonic range, it is the component that emits ultrasonic waves in the B-ultrasound probe.
This principle can not solve the problem of voltage boosting, and the switching power supply can raise the direct current to tens of thousands of volts.

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